1920 - 1958
Her work with X-ray diffraction imaging was crucial to depict the structure of the DNA, RNA, and viruses.
Photo 51, a DNA’s picture taken by her student Raymond Gosling, was key evidence to determine the DNA’s double-helix structure.
Four years after Franklin’s death, Crick and Watson received the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine 1962, shared with Maurice Wilkins, who had worked on DNA in the same lab as Rosalind Franklin.
While she was recognised for her contribution to chemistry and virus structures, her exclusion from the DNA’s structure discovery is often mentioned as an example of the Matilda Effect.
Written by: Enriqueta Vallejo-Yagüe.